David Wallimann provides an introduction to chords. In this lesson, you will learn how to read chord charts. David also explains how to play your first eight chords.
Taught by David Wallimann in Basic Electric Guitar with David Wallimann seriesLength: 17:03Difficulty: 2.0 of 5
Chords are groups of notes with at least 2 different pitches played together. Even if the notes don’t sound good together, the combination of pitches are still considered to be a chord. There are certain ways to play notes together to make nice chords that will be discussed in this lesson.Triad
Triads are the most common kind of chord. It is simply a three note chord, usually composed of the 1st, 3rd, and 5th notes of a scale.Root
This note tells you the key of the chord. Any chord is named after the root note. For example, all the following chords: D major, Dm7, and Dmaj7(#11) have the same root note, D.Major/Minor
The 3rd note of a scale can be major or minor. When played in a chord it determines whether the chord is major or minor.Scene 2: Reading Chord Charts
Though tablature can be used to notate chords, another common way of writing chords for guitar is with a chord chart. A chord chart is a grid of 6 lines in each direction. Vertical lines represent strings, the left line is the 6th string. The horizontal lines correspond to frets. At the top you may see an "x" or an "o" above a vertical line. "o" means play the open string and "x" means do not play that string.
Each finger is assigned a number: index finger is 1, middle finger is 2, ring finger is 3, and the pinky is 4. Occasionally, the thumb may be used to fret a note. In this case, the thumb is usually labeled "T". There will be circles over the vertical lines and between the horizontal lines. There will either be numbers in the circle or above/below the vertical line. The circle shows you where on your guitar to play the note, and the number tells you which finger to use.Scene 3: Em and E
Now you will start learning to play some chords. At this point, these are just some easy chords for you to memorize. Make sure when you are playing chords that each finger is only touching the string(s) that it is supposed to. If a finger touches extra strings, you will end up muting strings that should ring. Also, note that all the chords you will be learning are triads. If more than 3 notes are being played, it is because there are repeating notes in different octaves.E minor
To play this chord, put your middle finger on string 5 fret 2 and put your ring finger on string 4 fret 2. Leave the other strings open and play every string.
This chord starts with the same shape as the E minor. The only difference is that you need to put the index finger on string 3 fret 1. Play every string.
Take the same finger shape you used for the E major chord and move it up one string. Leave the 5th and 1st string open, and do not play the 6th string.
There are a few ways to play the A major chord. One way is to use a barre chord - that is when you lay a finger flat over several strings to play many notes with one finger. It can be difficult at first to make barre chords sound good, but you will get it with practice. To play the A major chord, lay your index finger across the 4th, 3rd, 2nd, and 1st strings at the 2nd fret. Leave the 5th string open and do not play the 6th or 1st string.
Here is another way to play the A major chord if the barre chord is too difficult for you. Use the index finger on string 4 fret 2, middle finger on string 3 fret 2, and ring finger on string 2 fret 2. Leave the 5th string and the 1st string open and do not play the 6th string.
This chord makes a triangle shape on your fretboard. Put your index finger on string 3 fret 2, middle finger on string 1 fret 2, and ring finger on string 2 fret 3. Leave the 4th string open and do not play the 6th or 5th string.
Make the shape for the D major chord with your hand. Put the middle finger in place of your index finger (string 3 fret 2), leave the ring finger in place, and put the index finger on string 1 fret 1. Leave the 4th string open and do not play the 6th or 5th string.
The minor version of the C and G chords are a little bit more complex, so they will be covered later. For now, you will just learn the major chords.C Major
Use the ring finger on string 5 fret 3, middle finger on string 4 fret 2, and index finger on string 2 fret 1. Leave the 3rd and 1st string open and do not play the 6th string.
Take the C major chord shape and move your ring and middle finger down one string. You should have your ring finger on string 6 fret 3 and your middle finger on string 5 fret 2. Then put your pinky on string 1 fret 3. Play all the strings.
If it is difficult for you play the G major chord in this position, it may be easier to do it this way: middle finger on string 6 fret 3, index finger on string 5 fret 2, ring finger on string 1 fret 3.
This is a very important lesson, and you will need to spend some time practicing these chords. Some things to really focus on are remembering the names of the chords, making sure you do not play strings that are not supposed to be played, and making sure that your fingers only cover the strings they are supposed to. If a chord was presented to you with different fingerings, practice it both ways. Keep practicing until you can play all these chords so that they sound good and clean.
David Wallimann will start you on your electric guitar playing journey in this Phase 1 series.
David Wallimann introduces himself, talks about his background, and offers advice to new players.Length: 4:28 Difficulty: 0.5 Members Only
David introduces you to all the parts of your new instrument in this lesson.Length: 11:18 Difficulty: 0.5 Members Only
This is a crucial lesson that explains tablature, how to read it, and why it's important.Length: 7:03 Difficulty: 1.0 FREE
David introduces some great exercises for callus development and finger independence.Length: 10:54 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
David Wallimann provides an introduction to chords. In this lesson, you will learn how to read chord charts. David also explains how to play your first eight chords.Length: 17:03 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
David Wallimann teaches six barre chords in this lesson beginning with F major. Get ready for a hand workout!Length: 10:26 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
David walks you through some easy chord progressions and encourages you to make up some of your own.Length: 8:17 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
David Wallimann talks about the importance of rhythm and timing. You will learn the basics of notes, time signatures and measures in this lesson.Length: 14:00 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
David Wallimann goes over some basic rock techniques in this lesson.Length: 16:45 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
David Wallimann provides some tips that will improve both your right and left hand technique.Length: 13:45 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
David Wallimann shows how adding one note to the minor pentatonic scale creates the minor blues scale.Length: 10:54 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
About David Wallimann
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David was born in Aix-en-Provence, South France in 1977. At the age of 15, he picked up the guitar and started developing a true love for instrumental music and composition.
In 1999 he was recognized by Ibanez for his promising musical achievements and received an artist endorsement. That early recognition in David's musical career encouraged him to consecrate more time on crafting his musical art and apply to the school of modern music Artist' in Cavaillon, France. He received a full scholarship there where he graduated with honors.
In 2001, David won first place for the Tal Farlow French national jazz contest which gave him a full paid scholarship to the CMA school of modern music in Valenciennes, France. He graduated specializing in advance guitar with honors.
Following his school years, David spent the next 5 years working with several bands recording, writing and playing shows in France and Belgium. It's during that time that Wallimann was exposed to the world of progressive rock which opened new doors to his musical creativity.
Deep inside the Mind is his first release as a solo artist in which he exposes his Christian faith. The album was well received in the specialized press and was compared several times to some of Frank Zappa's approach to music adding an element of humor to deep subjects.
In 2005 he joined the internationally renown progressive band Glass Hammer based in Chattanooga, TN. He released several studio albums and live DVDs with the band.
David is today working on his next upcoming solo release and is also spending quite a bit of time teaching guitar in his studio and online at JamPlay.
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