Clementi's Sonatina (Guitar Lesson)


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Matt Brown

Clementi's Sonatina

Matt Brown teaches the 2nd guitar part to Muzio Clementi's famous "Sonatina."

Taught by Matt Brown in Reading Music and Rhythm seriesLength: 23:46Difficulty: 2.5 of 5

Lesson Objectives

Play the second part to Muzio Clementi's "Sonatina"

The first part will not be addressed until a later lesson. The first part is primarily played in seventh position. As the lessons in this series advance, more of the fretboard will be covered.

This piece develops the following skills:

-Playing fast scalar passages in cut time.

-Reading skills within the second and third positions of the C major scale.

-Playing in time with another musician.

-Alternate picking technique.

-String skipping technique.

Performance Example

Watch and listen several times as Matt performs Muzio Clementi's "Sonatina" in Scene 1. Make sure that you have a good sense of how the piece should sound before you begin to practice it. Remember that it is always easier to play something that you have heard several times.

Note: This piece is of an intermediate to advanced difficulty level. Matt will jump back to easier material in lessons 50-70.

Instrumentation

Clementi's famous Sonatina was originally written for the keyboard. Matt has made very few adjustments to the original score of the piece in arranging it for guitar. The left hand part of the keyboard arrangement is played as the second guitar part. The right hand part (melody) is played by the first guitar in the arrangement.

When performed on a keyboard instrument, the right hand component sounds one octave higher than what is arranged for the first guitar part. Matt teaches the melody in a lower octave purely for educational purposes. Playing the melody an octave higher requires a mastery of fretboard positions that have not yet been discussed in this lesson series.

Process of Learning a New Piece of Music

1. Note the Title: "Sonatina"


A sonatina is a smaller, less complex version of a sonata. The title "Sonatina" is usually given to a piece by a composer to indicate the basic, abbreviated structure of sonata form.

2. Note the Composer: Muzio Clementi

3. Note the Key Signature: C Major

4. Note the Time Signature: Cut Time

"Cut Time" is another way of writing 2/2. In this time signature, the half note receives the beat rather than the quarter note. There are only two beats in each measure instead of 4.

5. Note the Style and Tempo: Allegro

6. Scan the Piece for Important Features

A. Form


The piece is divided into an A section and a B section. The section spans the first page of the score. The B section spans the second page. Each section is repeated twice.

B. Chromaticism

A Section


Many F# notes occur in the A section of the piece. F# is not within the key of C major. This note is actually borrowed from the key of G. The F# note functions as the third of a D major or D7 chord, which is the dominant chord in the key of G.

In the key of C major, D or D7 functions as a "secondary dominant" chord. A secondary dominant chord momentarily tonicizes a chord in a progression by preceding it with the chord that functions as its dominant. Typically, this chord is played as some sort of a dominant seventh voicing. For example, the V chord, G, is frequently tonicized in the piece. This is accomplished by preceding it with a D7 chord. The IV and V chords are the most frequently tonicized chords in a major key. Consequently, the chords that function as dominant to these chords are the most commonly used secondary dominant chords.

In terms of Roman Numerals, the chord that functions as dominant to the V chord is labeled as V7/V (pronounced "dominant of five"). The chord that functions as dominant to the IV chord is written as V7/IV ("dominant of four"). The chord that is being tonicized is always written to the right of the slash.

B Section

The 2nd half of the piece features a temporary key change to the "parallel" key of C minor. When, a temporary key change occurs, the key signature is not altered.

Parallel keys are major and minor keys that share the same letter name but have different key signatures. For example, C major and C minor are parallel keys. The tonal center of both keys is the note C. However, their key signatures are different by three accidentals. The key of C major has no sharps or flats in the key signature. On the other hand, the key of C minor has three flats in the key signature.

In the previous scene, you learned that many compositions modulate from a major key to its relative minor key. Modulation from a major key to its parallel minor key is almost as common. This occurs most frequently in classical music.

C. Musical Road Signs

Don't ignore the repeats signs! By omitting the repeat signs, you are leaving out half of the piece.

D. String Skipping Passages

Measures 9, 11, 32, and 34 feature some light string skipping. These are the hardest measures from a technical / speed perspective. Decide your performance tempo based on these measures. Play about 6-8 bpm under your maximum speed. Otherwise you run the risk of playing sloppy. Matt provides a breakdown of these measures at 03:47 in the lesson video.

Since wide string skips are not used, (skipping over 2 or more strings at a time) it is easiest to play these passages with the wrist anchored on the bridge. This is different from the string skipping technique that Matt demonstrated in the lesson pertaining to Ferdinando Carulli's etude.

E. Position Shift

Measures 16-22 are played in third position. A shift back to second position occurs in measure 23. Matt explains where all the notes should be played and the proper fingering for this section at 01:25 in Scene 4 if you need help with this section.

Note: Third position will be covered in detail in upcoming lessons.

Demonstrations

1. 1st Guitar Part (Scene 5)


Matt demonstrates how the first part should sound in the fifth scene. Developing an awareness of how the melody should sound will help you play the accompaniment part more effectively. Listen to this scene several times to internalize the sound of the melody.

2. Accompaniment (Scene 6)

Play Along Examples

1. Accompaniment


Play the second part of the arrangement along with Matt in Scene 7. Make sure that you are not playing any incorrect notes or rhythms!

2. Duet

Play the accompaniment part while Matt plays the melody in Scene 8. Be confident in your counting skills! The most important aspect of accompanying another musician is providing a solid rhythmic foundation.

Video Subtitles / Captions


Member Comments about this Lesson

Discussions with our instructors are just one of the many benefits of becoming a member of JamPlay.


Nick.KellieNick.Kellie replied on December 24th, 2009

great!

mattbrownmattbrown replied on December 26th, 2009

Thanks Nick! BTW, the score is in supplemental content now.

mattbrownmattbrown replied on December 26th, 2009

Hey guys! In scene 3, I say that cut time is the same as 2/4. It's actually the same as 2/2. Just thought I'd clarify!

jboothjbooth replied on December 24th, 2009

Matt should have the tab up for you guys shortly.

Reading Music and Rhythm

Found in our Beginner Lesson Sets

Matt brings all of his years of education right to you with this fantastic series on how to read music. You will start with the very basics and work up to some very advanced concepts.



Lesson 1

Intro to Reading Music

This introductory lesson will walk you through the basics of reading music and reading rhythm.

Length: 15:07 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 2

Reading Music

Learn how to identify notes, the key signature, and the staff. Implement your reading skills by playing a few simple tunes.

Length: 43:32 Difficulty: 1.5 FREE
Lesson 3

Rhythm and Time Signatures

Learn the basics of notation and time signatures. Practice these concepts with a few timing exercises.

Length: 22:01 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 4

3/4 Time Signatures

Now that you've learned a bit about 4/4 time, it's on to 3/4 time.

Length: 22:20 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 5

Reading Music Practice

Now that you know the basics of reading music, it's time to put that knowledge to work with some exercises.

Length: 25:43 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 6

On Top of Old Smokey

Get some more practice reading music and rhythms during your rock fest rendition of "On Top of Old Smokey".

Length: 15:54 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 7

He's Got the Whole World

Matt Brown reviews the G major scale and teaches "He's Got the Whole World".

Length: 13:18 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 8

Amazing Grace

Matt Brown explains how to read music in the key of F major. He uses the song "Amazing Grace" as an example.

Length: 15:22 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 9

Shoo, Fly

Matt Brown teaches the song "Shoo, Fly" as another excellent rhythm and reading example. This song is in the key of G.

Length: 14:46 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 10

Scales and Key Signatures

Matt Brown returns with the 10th installment in his Reading and Rhythm series. In this lesson, Matt discusses key signatures.

Length: 14:09 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 11

Minor Key and Aura Lee

In this lesson Matt Brown covers the first minor key song in this series, "Aura Lee".

Length: 12:11 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 12

Scarborough Fair

In this lesson, Matt introduces the A Dorian mode. He applies it to the song "Scarborough Fair".

Length: 16:29 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 13

Second Position

In lesson 13, Matt Brown discusses and demonstrates second position.

Length: 29:52 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 14

Rhythm

Lesson 14 is all about rhythm. Matt Brown discusses its importance and provides several exercises.

Length: 20:17 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 15

On Top of Old Smokey Review

Matt Brown reviews "On Top of Old Smokey". This time around, the melody is played in second position.

Length: 7:56 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 16

Reviewing Angels We Have Heard On High

For lesson 14, Matt Brown reviews "Angels We Have Heard On High". The melody is now played in second position.

Length: 12:02 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 17

Shoo, Fly Review

Matt Brown reviews the song "Shoo, Fly" in second position.

Length: 8:56 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 18

Rhythm Strumming

This lesson covers right hand rhythm technique. Matt introduces syncopated strumming patterns.

Length: 25:38 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 19

Down by the Riverside

Matt teaches the melody to "Down by the Riverside". This tune is used as preparation for learning accompaniment techniques.

Length: 15:02 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 20

Accompaniment

Matt uses the song "Down by the Riverside" to teach accompaniment techniques for rhythm backing.

Length: 12:31 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 21

Fur Elise Pt. 1

Matt teaches the classic tune "Fur Elise" in a two part series. For Part 1, Matt demonstrates the melody section.

Length: 24:03 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 22

Fur Elise Pt. 2

In lesson 22, Matt teaches the accompaniment sections to Beethoven's "Fur Elise".

Length: 13:12 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 23

The Entertainer Pt. 1

Lesson 23 starts a 2 part series on the classic tune "The Entertainer".

Length: 16:30 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 24

The Entertainer Pt. 2

Lesson 24 completes the two part series on "The Entertainer". You will learn the accompaniment in this lesson.

Length: 14:06 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 25

Sea to Sea Pt. 1

Matt starts another 2 part lesson, this time on the tune "Sea to Sea" by William G. Leavitt.

Length: 20:36 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 26

Sea to Sea Pt. 2

Lesson 26 completes Matt's 2 part series on "Sea to Sea".

Length: 10:17 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 27

Stars and Stripes Forever Pt. 1

Matt introduces the B flat major scale and teaches the song "Stars and Stripes Forever".

Length: 21:31 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 28

Stars and Stripes Forever Pt. 2

Matt completes his two part series on "Stars and Stripes Forever" by teaching the accompaniment.

Length: 7:39 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 29

D Major in First and Second Position

Matt Brown teaches the D Major scale in both first and second positions.

Length: 17:55 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 30

Danny Boy Pt. 1

Matt Brown demonstrates "Danny Boy" in both first and second positions.

Length: 16:28 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 31

Danny Boy Pt. 2

Matt Brown teaches the accompaniment to the "Danny Boy" melody.

Length: 12:03 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 32

Silent Night Pt. 1

Matt teaches the Christmas classic "Silent Night."

Length: 18:17 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 33

Silent Night Pt. 2

Matt teaches the accompaniment to the "Silent Night" melody.

Length: 4:55 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 34

Funiculi Funicula Pt. 1

Matt Brown teaches "Funiculi Funicula" as an exercise in reading and playing in 6/8 time.

Length: 14:39 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 35

Funiculi Funicula Pt. 2

Matt Brown teaches the accompaniment to "Funiculi Funicula".

Length: 16:40 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 36

Strumming Triplets

In lesson 36, Matt provides exercises to help you strum triplet patterns.

Length: 23:30 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 37

Strumming Sixteenth Note Rhythms

In lesson 37, Matt Brown demonstrates how to strum sixteenth note rhythms.

Length: 17:28 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 38

Song of the Volga Boatmen

Matt Brown demonstrates the melody and tips for playing the Russian folk tune "Song of the Volga Boatmen".

Length: 11:33 Difficulty: 0.5 Members Only
Lesson 39

Song of the Volga Boatmen Pt. 2

In lesson 39, Matt teaches the accompaniment to "Song of the Volga Boatmen".

Length: 8:35 Difficulty: 1.5 Members Only
Lesson 40

Dance of the Ukraine

Matt Brown teaches and demonstrates "Dance of the Ukraine."

Length: 15:37 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 41

Dance of the Ukraine Pt. 2

Matt demonstrates the accompaniment to the "Dance of the Ukraine" melody.

Length: 13:36 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 42

Etude by Ferdinando Carulli

Matt Brown teaches an etude for classical guitar by Ferdinando Carulli.

Length: 21:20 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 43

Morning Pt. 1

Matt Brown teaches the melody section to "Morning" by Edvard Grieg.

Length: 18:44 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 44

Morning Pt. 2

Matt teaches the accompaniment for Edvard Grieg's "Morning."

Length: 8:08 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 45

Bach's Minuet Pt. 1

Matt Brown teaches Bach's classic Minuet.

Length: 14:55 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 46

Bach's Minuet Pt. 2

In lesson 46, Matt Brown covers the accompaniment section to Bach's Minuet.

Length: 5:53 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 47

Little Prelude in C Pt. 1

Matt Brown teaches Bach's "Little Prelude in C."

Length: 16:23 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 48

Little Prelude in C Pt. 2

Matt Brown teaches the accompaniment to "Little Prelude in C" by Bach.

Length: 7:49 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 49

Clementi's Sonatina

Matt Brown teaches the 2nd guitar part to Muzio Clementi's famous "Sonatina."

Length: 23:46 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 50

Bach's Invention #1

Matt Brown teaches Invention #1 composed by J.S. Bach.

Length: 21:42 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 51

Third Position

Matt takes a look at playing in third position. This lesson will set up future reading lessons that require the third position.

Length: 7:16 Difficulty: 0.0 Members Only
Lesson 52

Third Position Practice

Matt Brown has you working through Jean Philippe Rameau's Minuet for third position playing in lesson 52. He provides a play along and accompaniment to help your sight reading and playing.

Length: 15:11 Difficulty: 0.0 Members Only

About Matt Brown View Full Biography Matt Brown began playing the guitar at the age of 11. "It was a rule in my family to learn and play an instrument for at least two years. I had been introduced to a lot of great music at the time by friends and their older siblings. I was really into bands like Nirvana, Alice In Chains, and Smashing Pumpkins, so the decision to pick up the guitar came pretty easily."

Matt's musical training has always followed a very structured path. He began studying the guitar with Dayton, Ohio guitar great Danny Voris. I began learning scales, chords, and basic songs like any other guitarist. After breaking his left wrist after playing for only a year, Matt began to study music theory in great detail. I wanted to keep going with my lessons, but I obviously couldn't play at all. Danny basically gave me the equivalent of a freshman year music theory course in the span of two months. These months proved to have a huge impact on Brown's approach to the instrument.

Brown continued his music education at Capital University in Columbus, Ohio. He completed a degree in Classical Guitar Performance in 2002. While at Capital, he also studied jazz guitar and recording techniques in great detail. "I've never had any desire to perform jazz music. Its lack of relevance to modern culture has always turned me off. However, nothing will improve your chops more than studying this music."

Matt Brown currently resides in Dayton, Ohio. He teaches lessons locally as well as at Capital University's Community Music School. Matt's recent projects include writing and recording with his new, as of yet nameless band as well as the formation of a cover band called The Dirty Cunnies.

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