Minor Modes (Guitar Lesson)


What are you waiting for? Get your membership now!
David Wallimann

Minor Modes

David Wallimann introduces three minor modes. In this lesson he covers Dorian, Phrygian and Aeolian modes.

Taught by David Wallimann in Theory and Improvisation with David Wallimann seriesLength: 11:37Difficulty: 2.0 of 5


Video Subtitles / Captions


Member Comments about this Lesson

Discussions with our instructors are just one of the many benefits of becoming a member of JamPlay.


Southern CashSouthern Cash replied on March 5th, 2015

When is your chat?

bsow2012bsow2012 replied on June 15th, 2013

>modes>

rckmsnrckmsn replied on April 27th, 2013

are modes the same patterns has the major scales?

peterlazaruspeterlazarus replied on March 13th, 2013

Excellent lesson David. Brilliant to start off with the minor pentatonic. But, like other students, I also battle to apply the theory. i.e. what chords would one play the 3 minor modes over. If you could answer this, I really think you would have succeeded in demystifying the modes once and for all. Thanks for great lesson!

meganmegan replied on July 10th, 2011

Hi David, decided to have a look at your theory lessons to see what you're up to before I decide whether or not to jump into discussions on modes. I think you are quite brave to treat the modes, since there's much that needs to sink in to learning brains before modes are easy to get a grip on. But you seem to have found a way to bump everyone up a level.

dmkheildmkheil replied on June 25th, 2011

Liked all your lessons so far to this point, but this point seemed like you left out a TON. I like to understand the WHY of things, such as: 1. Why does the minor scale include THESE three modes and not the others? 2. Is there a relationship between the modes? What and why? 3. I always thought modes were simply the same notes with a different starting point in the scale? Not the case? 4. If there is a "theory" explanation of what makes the modes different, what is it? This lesson seemed to say, "Modes are what they are, so there!" How about a recrafting of this lesson. Could do so much more on this valuable topic.

tbumtbum replied on April 9th, 2012

its tbum again. this lesson seems to saying that I shoud play 2nd,3rd,4th to 7th patterns (all patterns) start note should be on 5th fret for Am key songs and each "pattern" starts on fifth fret indicates different mode. so like 1st patten start on fifth fret is dorian mode and 2nd pattern start on fifth fret(not 7th fret) dis phrygian mode ..etc. I brain is fixed with mode is simply starts on differnt note. like 1st mode = 1st pattern, 2nd mode = 2nd pattern start on the second notes of the scale. I would really like to know if i am starting with wrong theory in my brain.

tbumtbum replied on April 9th, 2012

I was thinking the same way for modes = pattern as your comment " I always thought modes were simply the same notes with a different starting point in the scale". and i memorized all minors/majors in 7 patterns/modes and play different patterns/modes. for example, I play Am key song with different starting notes like 1st pattern start on fifth fret and 2nd pattern on 7th notes(for penta scale start with 8th fret). I like to hear what the instructor say if i am doing wrong.

tayo27tayo27 replied on March 21st, 2011

Great lesson! I'm a little confused on how to apply them to chords. Do I apply minor modes to minor chords and major modes to major chords? I want to be able to know what to use, and when to use these modes. Please help me clear this up. i would appreciate it. Thanks.

finnsterfinnster replied on January 16th, 2011

got a handle on the mode concept...get lost on when to apply these and appying them in chord changes...other than that, i have have learned a great deal from all these lessons, and have enjoyed them. keep up the great work.

markdejeanmarkdejean replied on November 13th, 2010

OK, now that we have all these modes/scales how are they used in music using standard chord progressions using as an example G, A, Bm, D??? This is the hardest for me to grasp. Do you change from scale to scale at each chord change since these are played over their respective chord or pick one and wing it through the entire song. Maybe I am just missing the hole idea, pleas help me to see how this works.

f3l18ipsk8ermf3l18ipsk8erm replied on July 2nd, 2010

Hey great lesson-Just wondering...If you start soloing in the dorian mode, should the whole solo be in this mode or can you change modes as you move around the neck?

vikingbluesvikingblues replied on May 23rd, 2010

Excellent lesson. Practical as always and clear as always. Explaining minor modes in relation to the minor pentatonic is genius - 40 years of my playing and trying to understand guitar - only now after seeing your videos and these lessons do modes start to make sense. Good advice about hearing the colour of the modes. David, will you cover the theory of the choice of chords in making a backing track which govern the mode that will be needed for the lead playing?

vikingbluesvikingblues replied on May 24th, 2010

Sorry - I think I asked a stupid question - I think the answer might be along the lines of:- Modal music does not use full chord progressions, as you'd see with tonal, major or minor key centers. It's usually done over 1, or possibly 2 chord "vamps". If so, my question is defunct.

David.WallimannDavid.Wallimann replied on June 9th, 2010

Viking: Great question.. I'll cover a lesson on how to build modal chord progressions.. :-)

malcolm123malcolm123 replied on May 22nd, 2010

i have a question. Is The dorian A mode the same as G major scale ( root on the 5th fret d string) ?

rckmsnrckmsn replied on April 28th, 2013

It is the 1st position G major scale played at the 5th fret ,and is also the a major scale

gaurav_tsecgaurav_tsec replied on May 27th, 2010

Even though modes are derived from the major scale, one must look at any mode as a unique scale in itself. The Dorian mode has the formula - R, W, H, W, W, W, H, W which gives it a unique sound cuz of the minor third and major sixth notes. The notes will obviously be the same as that of the parent major scale (as a mode is derived from it) but the sound and feel is entirely different. If you study all the modes as independent scales and memorize the sound of the modes going up and down, you will realize that A dorian is a dorian scale with its root as the A note, while the G major scale is an ionian scale with its root as the G note. So even though the notes in both scales are the same, there is a difference! Cheers!

ry_naylorry_naylor replied on May 24th, 2010

A Dorian uses the same notes as G Major.

alexmarblekingalexmarbleking replied on May 22nd, 2010

im pretty sure it is, ask david wallimann to make sure

David.WallimannDavid.Wallimann replied on June 9th, 2010

G Ionian and A Dorian do share the same notes, but are both very different scales.. I strongly recommend you not thinking in terms of relative modes, but really force yourself to think about the modes as individual unique scales...

gaurav_tsecgaurav_tsec replied on May 27th, 2010

Even though modes are derived from the major scale, one must look at any mode as a unique scale in itself. The Dorian mode has the formula - R, W, H, W, W, W, H, W which gives it a unique sound cuz of the minor third and major sixth notes. The notes will obviously be the same as that of the parent major scale (as a mode is derived from it) but the sound and feel is entirely different. If you study all the modes as independent scales and memorize the sound of the modes going up and down, you will realize that A dorian is a dorian scale with its root as the A note, while the G major scale is an ionian scale with its root as the G note. So even though the notes in both scales are the same, there is a difference! Cheers!

Theory and Improvisation with David Wallimann

Found in our Beginner Lesson Sets

David Wallimann will cover all of the topics necessary master the art of improvisation. He will cover theory, including intervals, scales and modes as well as techniques to improve ones improvisation.



Lesson 1

Understanding Intervals

Before one can truly understand music theory the concept of intervals must be introduced. This lesson covers that topic in great depth.

Length: 27:40 Difficulty: 2.0 FREE
Lesson 2

Minor Pentatonic Scale

David teaches the minor pentatonic scale. He explains its scale formula, various fretboard positions, and how it can be used.

Length: 20:03 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 3

Major Pentatonic Scale

David Wallimann moves on to cover the the major pentatonic scale. He teaches its scale formula, all five patterns, and gives advice on how the scale can be used.

Length: 9:46 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 4

The Blues Scale

In this lesson, David covers both the minor and major blues scales. He explains the formulas and patterns for each scale. In addition, David has included a backing track for you to play along with.

Length: 9:08 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 5

Minor Modes

David Wallimann introduces three minor modes. In this lesson he covers Dorian, Phrygian and Aeolian modes.

Length: 11:37 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 6

Major Modes

David Wallimann covers three major modes in this lesson. He covers the Ionian, Lydian and Mixolydian modes.

Length: 8:53 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 7

The Locrian Mode

David Wallimann introduces the Locrian mode. He explains its formula in terms of scale degrees as well as its five fretboard patterns. A few fun arpeggio-based ideas are also demonstrated.

Length: 20:37 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 8

The Magic Formula

David Wallimann teaches a magic formula that will allow you to play each of the modes up and down the entire fretboard. He also teaches some exercises to help cement this knowledge.

Length: 11:49 Difficulty: 3.5 Members Only
Lesson 9

Classifying Modes

David Wallimann talks about how modes can be classified and thus used in a musical context. This is a valuable wrap-up lesson to the mini-series on modes.

Length: 13:24 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 10

Creating Chord Progressions

David Wallimann explains how to write diatonic chord progressions. This lesson features excellent practical music theory.

Length: 12:07 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
Lesson 11

Easy Outside Tricks

David Wallimann teaches a valuable fusion guitar technique that he calls "Easy Outside Tricks."

Length: 8:31 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Lesson 12

Playing Modal with Pentatonic Scales

David Wallimann demonstrates how minor pentatonic scales can be used when improvising over the minor modes.

Length: 22:03 Difficulty: 3.0 Members Only
Lesson 13

Playing Modal with Major Pentatonic Scales

David Wallimann shows how the major pentatonic scale can be used in modal playing.

Length: 11:13 Difficulty: 3.0 Members Only

About David Wallimann View Full Biography David was born in Aix-en-Provence, South France in 1977. At the age of 15, he picked up the guitar and started developing a true love for instrumental music and composition.

In 1999 he was recognized by Ibanez for his promising musical achievements and received an artist endorsement. That early recognition in David's musical career encouraged him to consecrate more time on crafting his musical art and apply to the school of modern music Artist' in Cavaillon, France. He received a full scholarship there where he graduated with honors.

In 2001, David won first place for the Tal Farlow French national jazz contest which gave him a full paid scholarship to the CMA school of modern music in Valenciennes, France. He graduated specializing in advance guitar with honors.

Following his school years, David spent the next 5 years working with several bands recording, writing and playing shows in France and Belgium. It's during that time that Wallimann was exposed to the world of progressive rock which opened new doors to his musical creativity.

Deep inside the Mind is his first release as a solo artist in which he exposes his Christian faith. The album was well received in the specialized press and was compared several times to some of Frank Zappa's approach to music adding an element of humor to deep subjects.

In 2005 he joined the internationally renown progressive band Glass Hammer based in Chattanooga, TN. He released several studio albums and live DVDs with the band.

David is today working on his next upcoming solo release and is also spending quite a bit of time teaching guitar in his studio and online at JamPlay.

Acoustic Guitar Lessons

Our acoustic guitar lessons are taught by qualified instructors with various backgrounds with the instrument.


Mary Flower Mary Flower

Mary talks about the key of F in this fantastic lesson.

Free LessonSeries Details
Jessica Baron Jessica Baron

Jessica kindly introduces herself, her background, and her approach to this series.

Free LessonSeries Details
Mark Kailana Nelson Mark Kailana Nelson

Mark Nelson introduces "'Ulupalakua," a song he will be using to teach different skills and techniques. In this lesson, he...

Free LessonSeries Details
Randall Williams Randall Williams

In this lesson Randall introduces the partial capo (using a short-cut capo by Kyser) and talks about how it can make the...

Free LessonSeries Details
Eve Goldberg Eve Goldberg

Eve talks about the boom-chuck strum pattern. This strum pattern will completely change the sound of your playing.

Free LessonSeries Details
David Isaacs David Isaacs

JamPlay welcomes David Isaacs to our teacher roster. With his first lesson Dave explains his approach to playing guitar with...

Free LessonSeries Details
Peter Einhorn Peter Einhorn

JamPlay is proud to introduce jazz guitarist Peter Einhorn. In this lesson series, Peter will discuss and demonstrate a way...

Free LessonSeries Details
Freebo Freebo

In this lesson, Freebo covers the basics of right hand technique. This lesson is essential for all up and coming bassists.

Free LessonSeries Details
Mitch Reed Mitch Reed

Mitch teaches his interpretation of the classic "Cannonball Rag." This song provides beginning and intermediate guitarists...

Free LessonSeries Details

Electric Guitar Lesson Samples

Our electric guitar lessons are taught by instructors with an incredible amount of teaching experience.


Ian Argys Ian Argys

Lesson 6 is all about the major mode. As with the other lessons you'll be taking a look at the individual notes on the strings...

Free LessonSeries Details
Dave Weiner Dave Weiner

Dave "David J" Weiner returns with a lesson on how to play with style and attitude. He covers all the basic techniques you'll...

Free LessonSeries Details
Tosin Abasi Tosin Abasi

Tosin explains some of the intricacies of the 8 string guitar such as his personal setup and approach to playing.

Free LessonSeries Details
John DeServio John DeServio

JD teaches the pentatonic and blues scales and explains where and when you can apply them.

Free LessonSeries Details
Joe Burcaw Joe Burcaw

Join Joe as he shows one of his favorite drills for strengthening his facility around the fretboard: The Spider Technique.

Free LessonSeries Details
Nick Greathouse Nick Greathouse

Nick starts his series with Alternate Picking part 1. Improve your timing, speed, and execution with this important lesson.

Free LessonSeries Details
David Ellefson David Ellefson

David Ellefson, co-founding member of Megadeth, explains his overall approach to teaching and learning bass in this introductory...

Free LessonSeries Details
Billy Sheehan Billy Sheehan

Billy starts his artist series off with a lesson on something he gets asked the most to explain: right hand 3 finger technique.

Free LessonSeries Details
Steve Smyth Steve Smyth

JamPlay sits down with veteran fret grinder Steve Smyth of Forbidden and The EssenEss Project. He talks about how he got...

Free LessonSeries Details
Steve Stevens Steve Stevens

Steve Stevens shows some of his go-to licks and ideas while improvising over a backing track he made.

Free LessonSeries Details




Join over 478447 guitarists who have learned how to play in weeks... not years!

Signup today to enjoy access to our entire database of video lessons, along with our exclusive set of learning tools and features.



Unlimited Lesson Viewing

A JamPlay membership gives you access to every lesson, from every teacher on our staff. Additionally, there is no restriction on how many times you watch a lesson. Watch as many times as you need.

Live Lessons

Exclusive only to JamPlay, we currently broadcast 8-10 hours of steaming lesson services directly to you! Enjoy the benefits of in-person instructors and the conveniences of our community.

Interactive Community

Create your own profile, manage your friends list, and contact users with your own JamPlay Mailbox. JamPlay also features live chat with teachers and members, and an active Forum.

Chord Library

Each chord in our library contains a full chart, related tablature, and a photograph of how the chord is played. A comprehensive learning resource for any guitarist.

Scale Library

Our software allows you to document your progress for any lesson, including notes and percent of the lesson completed. This gives you the ability to document what you need to work on, and where you left off.

Custom Chord Sheets

At JamPlay, not only can you reference our Chord Library, but you can also select any variety of chords you need to work on, and generate your own printable chord sheet.

Backing Tracks

Jam-along backing tracks give the guitarist a platform for improvising and soloing. Our backing tracks provide a wide variety of tracks from different genres of music, and serves as a great learning tool.

Interactive Games

We have teachers covering beginner lessons, rock, classic rock, jazz, bluegrass, fingerstyle, slack key and more. Learn how to play the guitar from experienced players, in a casual environment.

Beginners Welcome.. and Up

Unlike a lot of guitar websites and DVDs, we start our Beginner Lessons at the VERY start of the learning process, as if you just picked up a guitar for the first time.Our teaching is structured for all players.

Take a minute to compare JamPlay to other traditional and new methods of learning guitar. Our estimates for "In-Person" lessons below are based on a weekly face-to-face lesson for $40 per hour.

Price Per Lesson < $0.01 $4 - $5 $30 - $50 Free
Money Back Guarantee Sometimes n/a
Number of Instructors 83 1 – 3 1 Zillions
Interaction with Instructors Daily Webcam Sessions Weekly
Professional Instructors Luck of the Draw Luck of the Draw
New Lessons Daily Weekly Minutely
Structured Lessons
Learn Any Style Sorta
Track Progress
HD Video - Sometimes
Multiple Camera Angles Sometimes - Sometimes
Accurate Tabs Maybe Maybe
Scale/Chord Libraries
Custom JamTracks
Interactive Games
Community
Learn in Sweatpants Socially Unacceptable
Gasoline Needed $0.00 $0.00 ~$4 / gallon! $0.00

Mike H.

"I feel like a 12 year old kid with a new guitar!"
 

I am 66 years young and I still got it! I would have never known this if it had not been for Jamplay! I feel like a 12 year old kid with a new guitar! Ha! I cannot express enough how great you're website is! It is for beginners and advanced pickers! I am an advanced picker and thought I had lost it but thanks to you all, I found it again! Even though I only play by ear, I have been a member a whopping whole two weeks now and have already got Brent's country shuffle and country blues down and of course with embellishments. Thank you all for your wonderful program!


Greg J.

"With Jamplay I can fit in a random session when I have time and I can go at my own pace"
 

I'm a fifty eight year old newbie who owns a guitar which has been sitting untouched in a corner for about seven years now. Last weekend I got inspired to pick it up and finally learn how to play after watching an amazing Spanish guitarist on TV. So, here I am. I'm starting at the beginning with Steve Eulberg and I couldn't be happier (except for the sore fingers :) Some day I'm going to play like Steve! I'm self employed with a hectic schedule. With Jamplay I can fit in a random session when I have time and I can go at my own pace, rewinding and replaying the videos until I get it. This is a very enjoyable diversion from my work yet I still feel like I'm accomplishing something worthwhile. Thanks a lot, Greg


Bill

"I believe this is the absolute best site for guitar students."
 

I am commenting here to tell you and everyone at JamPlay that I believe this is the absolute best site for guitar students. I truly enjoy learning to play the guitar on JamPlay.com. Yes, I said the words, ""enjoy learning."" It is by far the best deal for the money.



Join thousands of others that LIKE JamPlay!