This lesson covers all of the basics and history of the 12 string guitar. Mark also provides several exercises that will get you started on your way.
Taught by Mark Lincoln in 12 String with Mark seriesLength: 45:01Difficulty: 2.0 of 5
1. The first theory is that an Italian luthier designed the first 12-string. The origins of this theory emanate from the long-standing history of Italian instruments bearing double courses of strings (like the mandolin) and that a curious and experimental Italian luthier took it upon himself to attempt a similar yet, novel design with a guitar.12-string Guitar Construction
2. The second and perhaps more predominant theory revolves around the belief that the first 12-string originally came from Mexican music. Instruments like the Tipple and the Charango have their origins in Latin American culture and both feature double course variants on the 6-string theme. Regardless of where the 12-string came from initially, or who designed it, the 12-string has made its way into our hearts and into modern music. It can be found in some of the most familiar and memorable pieces of music including "Stairway to Heaven," "Hotel California," and "Walk Right In" amongst others.
1: High E at .012" or .30mm in diameterNotice how the thicker string of the octave pairs goes in the bottom slot (or more accurately on the high side, towards the high E string). 12-strings usually have specific sized grooves in the nut as well, which give you the proper places to put the strings. So, if they don't seem to fit properly, then you've likely strung the guitar incorrectly. In lieu of the fact that there are twelve strings, it most certainly does take longer to tune and you should always allot more time to make sure that you are in proper tune. 12-strings are notorious for having tuning problems, and this is due in part to the fact that there are more stings to tune. However, it's also due to the increased pressure on the bridge plate and the sensitivity of the instrument. Consequently, less expensive 12-strings may be more prone to tuning issues than their more expensive counterparts. But enough talk...let's play the guitar!
2: High E at .012" or .30mm in diameter
3: B at .016" or .41mm in diameter
4: B at .016" or .41mm in diameter
5: G at .025" or. 64mm in diameter
6: G at .01" or .25mm in diameter
7: D at .032" or .81mm in diameter
8: D at.014" or .36 mm in diameter
9: A at.042" or 1.07mm in diameter
10: A at .02" or .51 mm in diameter
11: E at .052" or 1.32mm in diameter
12: E at.03" or .76mm in diameter
Em7 E____0_____| B____3_____| G____0_____| D____2_____| A____2_____| E____0_____|
D E_____2____| B_____3____| G_____2____| D_____0____| A_____x____| E_____x____|
A E_____0____| B_____2____| G_____2____| D_____2____| A_____0____| E_____x____|
C E_____0____| B_____1____| G_____0____| D_____2____| A_____3____| E_____x____|Please play the four chords listed above. Get comfortable with the increased thickness of two strings (yes, you should be strumming both of them at the same time) as well as the wider diameter of the neck. It takes many people who are accustomed to six-string guitars a little bit of time getting used to the differences between the two, so give yourself a chance to acclimate to the physical differences between them.
Asus4 E_____0____| B_____3____| G_____2____| D_____2____| A_____0____| E_____x____|Instead of A, and:
Cadd9 E____0_____| B____3_____| G____0_____| D____2_____| A____3_____| E____x_____|instead of C. You'll likely notice in the video that I'm not moving my pinky from the B-string at any point in this exercise. This is what I call "pinning," and I'm simply leaving my finger in place to facilitate the changes and make the progression easier. This can be helpful especially if you're finding yourself struggling to make changes and simply need to focus on getting used to the change from a 6 to a 12-string. Try to pin your pinky like I'm doing " Play along with me.
F#m E____2____| B____2____| G____2____| D____4____| A____4____| E____2____|
E E_____0____| B_____0____| G_____1____| D_____2____| A_____2____| E_____0____|Exercise 5
C (3rd fret) E_____3____| B_____5____| G_____5____| D_____5____| A_____3____| E_____x____|
G (3rd fret) E_____3____| B_____3____| G_____4____| D_____5____| A_____5____| E_____3____|
Bb E_____1____| B_____3____| G_____3____| D_____3____| A_____1____| E_____X____|
F E____1_____| B____1_____| G____2_____| D____3_____| A____3_____| E____1_____|Familiarize yourselves with these chords and try to get as comfortable as possible with playing the barres. As I stated before, there's no doubt that you will need to develop some additional finger strength to fret some of these cleanly.
The 12 string guitar is known for its full and unique sound. In this lesson series, you will learn everything you need to know about your instrument. Topics provided include history, tunings, chords, picking, exercises and much more.
This lesson covers all of the basics and history of the 12 string guitar. Mark also provides several exercises that will get you started on your way.Length: 45:01 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Mark Lincoln teaches valuable techniques for the 12 string guitar. He implements these techniques in several exercises.Length: 36:31 Difficulty: 2.0 Members Only
Mark Lincoln shares some fun exercises that will help you warm up and nail a few tough chords on your 12 string guitar.Length: 43:40 Difficulty: 2.5 Members Only
About Mark Lincoln
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Mark Lincoln was born in S. California but was raised near Portland Oregon in a town called Beaverton. When he was twelve years old, he began his journey into the realm of the creative by composing poetry and was later published in a journal called "In Dappled Sunlight." He wrote for four years until his older sister blessed him with his first guitar, an old beat-up nylon stringed classical guitar. Mark played that guitar for five years, continuing to compose his own lyrics and starting the process of matching his own words with chords that he was learning on the guitar. He learned to play chords from his friends and from music books that he both bought and borrowed. Mark cited his four biggest influences, at that point at least, as The Who, Led Zeppelin, Jethro Tull, The Rolling Stones.
Mark cites his most current influences as Radiohead, U2, older music by REM, and Peter Gabriel amongst others. He performs with two acoustic guitars, one being a six-string M-36 Martin with a three-pieced back for increased bass response, and a Guild Twelve-string which is his most recent acquisition. Mark is fond of saying that the twelve-string guitar is better because you get two guitars for the price of one, but he still plays his Martin equally as much and with the same passion.
Mark ended up in Fort Collins Colorado where he currently lives, works as a Marriage and Family Therapist, and continues to write, teach and perform music. He currently performs with a group called "Black Nelson" as well as with a number of other seasoned professional musicians including his cousin David, a virtuoso lead-guitar player. Mark has performed in many of the smaller venues in Denver and Boulder, as well as some of the larger ones including the Fox Theatre, The Boulder Theatre, Herman's Hideaway, and also at The Soiled Dove where he opened for Jefferson Starship as a soloist. Some of Mark's originals are also available for your listening pleasure on MySpace.
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